Journal: Explore Morocco
Today we went to the cliff of old medina and took some pictures. Then we went to the olive and wine factory and saw the process of making olive oil and wine. There was a garden outside of the factory and they were growing grapes. Olive trees used about 20 acres and vineyards used 100 acres. To make oil and wine u had to grind grapes and olives, grapes for the wine and olives for the oil. In wine we need to grind it mix it with other materials and cool it and in oil we have to grind it take out get the oil out of the olive.
We went to a forest with cedar trees and 2 schools. Before we went to see the biggest cedar tree we saw wild monkeys so we took some pictures and some gave food to them. At the biggest cedar tree it was so big with no leaf on it so it looked cold. When we went to the school the first one was a really poor and the 2nd one was medium. The first school only had 2 classes and 2 teachers. The second school was better than the 1st school because there were more classes and teachers.
Today we went to Jnane Sbil which is a garden and we took some pictures of the fountain and the bamboo forest. There was a building which looked like a castle inside the garden so we went and took a picture of the window and the inside but there was a lot of moss so we had to be careful.
Today we were supposed to go to a village and eat lunch but there was too much snow so we stayed in the hotel and did some activities. Then after lunch we went to a school which was better than the others and asked some questions to the students and they asked us some too.
Today we went to hike near a lake. While I was walking there were too many mud sticking towards my shoe so every 3~5 minutes I had to take them off by a small rock which is stuck to the ground. We saw a donkey that was attached to a tree and around it there were spiky plants so he couldn’t come out.
a) First one of them is forming humus. Humus is in the first layer of the soil, it is black and the layer s loose because they are made out of dead plant. But it is not perfect so humus forms in a process of decomposition. During this time the organisms which are called the decomposers die and become a material of humus. The decomposers are fungi, bacteria, worms and other organisms. Second there is Mixing the soil. Earth worms are a very big part of this because they carry the humus down to the subsoil and the subsoil to the humus so whenever they go down and come up it is mixing. Also some burrowing animals help the mixing too for example mice moles, prairie dogs, and gophers break up the hard soils and mix them up together.
b) The decomposers are fungi, bacteria, worms. And a fungus is a decomposer because fungi is an organism like mold and mushrooms. A fungus grows on living plants or trees. Also a bacterium is a microscopic decomposer that causes decay. It attacks dead organisms and their wastes. Lastly a worm is very small decomposers also decompose dead organisms and mix them up with soil.
c) If the decomposers were removed from a fertility soil the soil will become hard day by day because worms make space for air to go in and also mixes it up and the bacteria and the fungus gets the material but if they are not there the land will start becoming harder and no more plants can grow.
a) Weathering is the process that breaks down rock and other substances at Earth’s surface.
b) Erosion is the removal of rock particles by wind, water, ice, or gravity.
c) Over a hundred of years weathering and erosion affect’s the mountains on earth because they continuously carry the rocks or soils from the mountains to the bottom of the mountain. As a result the mountains height is decreasing day by day.
a) Chemical weathering is the process that breaks down rock by chemical changes.
b) Mechanical weathering is when rocks are physically broken into smaller pieces and chemical weathering is when the rocks brakes into smaller pieces by chemical changes.
c) Freezing and Thawing: Freezing and thawing is part of mechanical weathering because water seeps into a hole in the rock then when it becomes cold the water freezes and turns into ice so when water turns into ice its
a) The two factors are type of rocks and climate. First type of rocks effect because the minerals that make up the rock determine how fast it weathers. And second the climate matters because the climate refers to the average weather conditions in an area.
b) The rate will not be that high because weathering affects much more if the weather is hot and wet so if the weather is cold and dry the weathering will not affect that much so the rock will resist much longer than in the earth longer.
A Fantasy Field Trip to Jurassic Park
1. At the American Museum of Natural History Mr. Ellis is currently an unpaid member of the paleontology department at the American museum of Natural History in Manhattan, where he has an office, researches the habitat, activities and daily lives of animals.
2. He had published fourteen books so far.
3. The subject of his latest effort is extinct species and how they got that way the title is “No Turning Back: The life and death of animal species”.
4. A bullockornis is a fantastic bird which is eight feet tall and it disappeared in Australia.
5. He says that he is a naturalist and he draws pictures. In terms of the American Museum he is a research associate.
6. He fell into this profession because when he was a kid he drew pictures of animals and peoples admire buffaloes and deer by shooting them but he did not want to shoot them so he made them his by drawing it.
7. His first job was painting dioramas at the American Museum
8. When he was 20 years old he was doing the painting. In the late 1960’s he participated in the design of the hall of the Ocean life and it led him to become active in the whale conservation movement.
9. He thought ‘who gave them rights to kill the whales?’ because at that time Russian and Japanese killed lots of whales so first he spent lots of his 1960’s to tell strangers in the corner of the streets and after he thought that making books will make more people know so he made books.
10. He didn’t think it was grim although his publisher did. They did not want him to call that book “The Extinction Scenario.” So they compromised with the title right now. But he said extinction is a fact of life. Like death it happens and one would like to know why and how.
11. 99.9 percent of animal species had been extinct.
12. He conducts his researches by fossil records.
13. The advantage is all the prehistoric comes from the fossils but the disadvantage of fossil records are that there will be a lot of animals who didn’t leave any fossils so there are many animals that had extinct and we did not know and also some we won’t find them.
14. The passenger pigeon was the most numerous bird in the world but it extinct because of wanton slaughter.
15. Many ocean species are in danger because of over fishing.
16. Mostly from fossil material. If you find an animal with big teeth and powerful jaws, chances are that it was a predator
17. Like archaeopteryx with wings and feathers, we know it probably flew. And also we may not have saber toothed cats but we have tigers so he could make some suppositions.
18. He would send his partner his drawings and the partner will say that “You should make legs longer according to my fossils.”
19. Some scientists say that because they were related to natural phenomena disease, climate change or meteorites. What they are expecting now is man-made.
20. The extinctions now are different from the past because there are many small animals like insects that we don’t know but we are destroying rainforests and wetland so the insects in the rainforest and wetland die because they don’t have a place to live. So we are losing animals when we don’t know if they are existing or not.
21. Currently he is working on how tigers, rhinos and bears are being extinct by the traditional Chinese medicine.
22. Some of his criticisms are that most popular medicines are made with tiger bones, rhino horns, and bear gallbladders, for which the animal must be killed. And before making the medicines the bears go into the cage and the catheter is inserted into their gallbladders till they die. But this medicine does not work so the tigers, rhinos, and bears are close to extinction.
23. The peoples are working on that but they will make interesting problems. For instance the last extinction was the Tasmanian tiger. If they succeed they will have a recreated animal but the problem is that they have nothing to do with it will they put them into the zoo or would they put them again in the Australia’s country side and let them die again by the sheep herders.
In my vacation, there was a lot of science going around. Like in my vacation to Spain we took a car to the boat and rode the car in Spain and it was about speed. The car was going 200km~ to 250km per second and when we opened the window everything flew in our car. Also we thought that we had a race with a car called Bentley. It was so fast we could barely see anything that was passing by us. We also hanged our hand out of the window and our hand flew back but we did not get hurt so I thought that speed is a very scary thing. One more was about matter when I went to France we rode an airplane and the airplane were made out of titanium so the airplane was light enough to fly the air. Also as you know the atomic number of titanium is 22 and it is part of the transition metals.